160 M.L. King Avenue

160 M.L. King Avenue (HMR8Z)

Location: St Augustine, FL 32084 St Johns County
Country: United States of America

N 29° 52.888', W 81° 18.798'

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ACCORD Freedom Trail

The southern half of Lincolnville was, in colonial times, a plantation called "Buena Esperanza" (Spanish for "Good Hope"). During the Flagler Era of the 1880s, it was bought by Standard Oil millionaire William Warden and developed as a residential subdivision. One of Warden's investments was the local gas and electric company, whose manager lived in this elegant Victorian house, which originally bore the address of 160 Central Avenue.

In 1954, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled in the famous case of Brown v. Board of Education that racially segregated schools had to end. This was a harbinger for the end of the Jim Crow system of discrimination that had prevailed since the end of Reconstruction. Most of the southern states responded by establishing some kind of official state commission to see what could be done to preserve racial segregation as long as possible. Florida's contribution to that was called the Fabisinski Committee, headed by Judge L. L. Fabisinski—who had grown up here in this house in the early years of the twentieth century. Five decades after Judge Fabisinski left, this house became, in 1964, the home of Dr. Robert B. Hayling, the courageous dentist who was the main organizer of the civil rights movement in St. Augustine. For his outstanding leadership, Dr. Hayling has been hailed as "The Father of the Civil Rights Act of 1964."

There is no other house in St. Augustine—probably no other house in America—that within its walls has sheltered the two opposite sides of that great conflict that shaped our modern democracy. Thus, it is known as "The Civil Rights House."

This Historical Marker Presented this 2nd Day of July, 2009 by Northrop Grumman
HM NumberHMR8Z
Series This marker is part of the Florida: St. Augustine Freedom Trail series
Year Placed2009
Placed ByThe 40th Anniversary to Commemorate the Civil Rights Demonstrations, Inc. (ACCORD)
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 16th, 2014 at 11:32am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17R E 469747 N 3305692
Decimal Degrees29.88146667, -81.31330000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 52.888', W 81° 18.798'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 52' 53.28" N, 81° 18' 47.88" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)904
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 160 M L King Ave, St Augustine FL 32084, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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