United States Capitol

United States Capitol (HMQU4)

Location: Washington, DC 20004
Country: United States of America

N 38° 53.445', W 77° 0.379'

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— East Front —

One of the icons of world architecture, the U.S. Capitol has been the meeting place of Congress since 1800. President George Washington laid the cornerstone on September 18, 1793. While under construction, the the building was damaged by British troops during the War of 1812 and subsequently restored. The Capitol was enlarged and the present cast-iron dome built in the 1850s and 1860s. Further additions included the Olmstead terraces on the west front in the 1880s and the east front extension in the 1950s. The most recent addition is the underground Capitol Visitor Center.

1. Statue of Freedom. The 19 1/2-foot-tall bronze statue, sculpted by Thomas Crawford in Rome and cast by Clark Foundry in the District of Columbia, was placed on its cast-iron pedestal in 1863. The classical figure wears a helmet with an eagle head and feathers and holds a sheathed sword, shield and victory wreath. The statue was restored in 1993.

2. House Pediment. The Apotheosis of Democracy by Paul Weyland Bartlett was installed in 1916. The central group is Peace Protecting Genius. On the left is a group called The Power of Labor: Agriculture, and on the right is a entitled The Power of Labor: Industry.

3. Center Pediment. Genius of America was originally carved in sandstone by Luigi Persico in 1828. When the East Front was expanded in 1958-1962, the badly deteriorated figures were replaced by replicas carved in marble. America, at the center holds a shield. She points to Justice, holding scales and a scroll marked "Constitution, 17 September 1787." To the right is the figure of Hope with an anchor.

4. Senate Pediment. The Progress of Civilization by Thomas Crawford was installed in 1863. A figure representing America stands in the center with an eagle by her side. To her left are figures representing America's early days, including a hunter and American Indians. The group on her right, including a soldier, a merchant, a teacher, and a student, represents the march of civilization.
HM NumberHMQU4
Series This marker is part of the Markers Attached to Sculpture series, and the National Historic Landmarks series.
Year Placed2009
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 8th, 2014 at 8:18pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 325995 N 4306566
Decimal Degrees38.89075000, -77.00631667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 53.445', W 77° 0.379'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 53' 26.70" N, 77° 0' 22.74" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)202
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2-78 First St NE, Washington DC 20004, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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