Kentucky and the Western War

Kentucky and the Western War (HMQS3)

Location: Munfordville, KY 42765 Hart County
Country: United States of America

N 37° 15.43', W 85° 53.28'

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Western Theater, 1861-1862

Other than by navigating the Mississippi River, the only way for armies west of the Appalachians to move from north to south was through Kentucky. Kentucky's rivers and railroads tempted commanders from both sides in spite of the state's declared neutrality. Only months after the attack on Fort Sumter, Kentucky was claimed by both sides, and each established a capitol - Union at Frankfort, and Confederate at Bowling Green.

But the rebel defense of Kentucky was overextended, and by the beginning of 1862 the Union had penetrated into Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi.

To turn the tide, Confederate Generals Braxton Bragg and Edmund Kirby Smith launched a two-pronged invasion of Kentucky intended to push the Confederate border to the Ohio River. Smith would enter via Cumberland Gap, and Bragg would invade the heartland at Glasgow. Early victories at Richmond and Munfordville were offset by lack of supply and confused leadership, and after the unintended battle at Perryville, the rebels withdrew.

Other simultaneous border campaigns in Maryland and in the Transmississippi likewise failed. The tide of opportunity for the South had crested, broken, and receded.
HM NumberHMQS3
Placed ByBattle for the Bridge Historic Preserve
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 1st, 2014 at 5:16am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 598608 N 4123980
Decimal Degrees37.25716667, -85.88800000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 15.43', W 85° 53.28'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 15' 25.80" N, 85° 53' 16.80" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)270
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 370 Charlie Dowling Rd, Munfordville KY 42765, US
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