Created by state legislature on December 1, 1868 from territory taken from Cherokee, DeKalb, Marshall, Blount, St. Clair and Calhoun Counties, having originally been formed December 7, 1866 as Baine County in honor of Confederate hero David W. Baine. Etowah is Cherokee.
Area visited by DeSoto in 1541; Andrew Jackson in 1813; Hood's Army of the Tennessee, CSA, October 1864; center of early steamboat navigation; home of John Wisdom, the "Paul Revere of the South," 1863; and Emma Sansom, a young girl who, by pointed out a ford across Black Creek, assisted General Nathan B. Forrest, CSA, May 1863, in capturing Colonel A. B. Streight's Union Army.
Erected by Etowah Historical Society and Etowah County Board of Revenue June 26, 1968.