Camp Lowell 1866-1873

Camp Lowell 1866-1873 (HMQ3L)

Location: Tucson, AZ 85701 Pima County
Country: United States of America

N 32° 13.134', W 110° 58.108'

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Inscription
Camp Lowell was established at this location in 1866 by the U.S. Army in recognition of the strategic military importance of Tucson. The local populace was fearful of Apaches, and the camp provided military protection as well as bringing financial benefits to the residents of Tucson. The two principal purposes of this military installation were to supply other army outposts south of the Gila River and to protect the citizens of the southern Arizona territory.

Camp Lowell consisted primarily of tents. A poorly built adobe structure functioned as a kitchen, and a rented building in town served as the hospital. Both an outdoor fireplace with a tall chimney and a large ramada (supported by very tall posts) can be seen in this February 1870 photograph of an officer's tent. The ramada provided relief from the relentless summer sun, and the fireplace provided heat in winter. The ramada was about 15 to 20 feet high, based on Lt. Silva's known height of 5 foot 4 inches.

Because of the soldiers' sometimes rowdy behavior, which some townspeople found objectionable, the camp was moved out of town in 1873. It was reestablished at its current location at the confluence of the Pantano and Tanque Verde washes, which formed the Rillito River. This new site offered running water, good grazing, and a distance from the distractions of town. In 1879, Camp Lowell was renamed Fort Lowell.

Spanish Translation
En 1866 el Ejercito Estadounidense estableci? el Campamento Lowell en virtud de su Posici?n estrat?gica militar para Tucson. La poblaci?n local tem?a a los Apaches y elCampo militar ofrec?a protecci?n, as? como beneficios econ?micos para los residentesde Tucson. Los dos propitos principales de esta instalaci?n militara eran abastecerotros puestos militares al sur del R?o Gila y proteger a los ciudadanos del territorio desur de Arizona.

El Campamento Lowell consist?a principalmente de tiendas campa?a. Una deficiente Estructura de adobe serv?a de cocina y un edificio alquilado in Tucson serv?a de hospital. En una fotograf?a de febrero de 1870 de una tienda de campa?a de un oficial, se Pueden observar un fog?n al aire libre con una alta chimenea y una amplia ramada (con postes muy altos). La ramada ofrec?a alivio del implacable sol de verano y el fog?n proporcionaba calefacci?n en el invierno. La ramada era de aproximadamente 5 a 7 metros de altura, en base a la conocida altura del Teniente Silva de 1.6 metros.

Dado el comportamiento, a veces alborotoso de las tropas, que algunos de los pobladores Encontraban molesto, el campamento fue trasladado fuera de la ciudad en 1873. Se reubic? en su actual local en la confluencia de los arroyos Pantano y Tanque Verde, que conforman el Rillito. Este Nuevo sitio contaba con agua fresca, Buenos pastizales y se ubicaba a distancia de las distracciones del pueblo. En 1879, el Campamento Lowell fue rebautizado como el Fuerte Lowell.
Details
HM NumberHMQ3L
Tags
Placed ByTucson Presidio Trust for Historic Preservation, Tucson-Pima County Historical Commission, and/y Arizona Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 16th, 2014 at 3:52pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)12S E 502971 N 3564699
Decimal Degrees32.21890000, -110.96846667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 13.134', W 110° 58.108'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 13' 8.04" N, 110° 58' 6.48" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)520
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 201-299 S 6th Ave, Tucson AZ 85701, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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