America's First Battle of World War II: The Philippines

America's First Battle of World War II: The Philippines (HMPMK)

Location: Las Cruces, NM 88011 Dona Ana County
Country: United States of America

N 32° 20.067', W 106° 44.983'

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For America, WWII began of December 7, 1941, with the attack on Pearl Harbor, the first of Japan's day-long assault on locations throughout the Pacific. Major American installations on Luzon, the largest island of the Philippines, were also devastated; so began America's first great battle of WWII.

The Japanese began their amphibious invasion of Luzon two weeks after the attack. By January 1942, American and Filipino Armies were pushed south towards the Bataan Peninsula. Wracked with starvation, debilitating tropical disease and facing dwindling supplies of ammunition and equipment they still continued to fight for three more months, supported by courageous Filipino civilians. The defense by American and Filipino Armies delayed the Japanese timetable for conquest of the Pacific by many months, allowing America to rearm for war.

The Bataan Death March
On April 9, 1942, American soldiers defending the Philippines were ordered to surrender. The Japanese quickly assembled all POW's and started them on the infamous seven-day, 65 mile Bataan Death March. Approximately 70,000 men started the march. Disease, hunger, thirst and abuse by Japanese soldiers made each mile more deadly. More than 1,000 Americans and possibly 15,000 Filipinos died before reaching Camp O'Donnell.
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HM NumberHMPMK
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Date Added Saturday, September 20th, 2014 at 10:43am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)13S E 335321 N 3578853
Decimal Degrees32.33445000, -106.74971667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 20.067', W 106° 44.983'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 20' 4.02" N, 106° 44' 58.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)505
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1151 N Roadrunner Pkwy, Las Cruces NM 88011, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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