Reconstruction of 1854 Covered Bridge

Reconstruction of 1854 Covered Bridge (HMP2X)

Location: Sheffield, MA 01257 Berkshire County
Country: United States of America

N 42° 7.417', W 73° 21.3'

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Inscription
"THE OLDEST COVERED BRIDGE IN MASSACHUSETTS" was ordered to be built in 1854. At a meeting in late 1853 the Sheffield Selectmen were directed to advertise for proposals. They were voted full power to move forward and make contracts, as they placed ads in the Berkshire Courier for bids from bridge builders.

The event that triggered that decision was a lawsuit against the town for damages to cattle passing over the Hubbard Bridge. The Hubbard was a long device, built by the first settlers. In addition to some traffic by farmers and animals, it was used by post riders who carried mail over the Hartford trail to Boardman Street, then across the log span to deliver the mail to some convenient place in the Village.

The covered bridge was built on the west bank of the Housatonic and then rolled out and anchored to position over the water on the abutments. It followed the style of the Towne Bridge, patented in 1820. It used a structural lattice truss of crossed members. The lattice boards were pinned to place with wooden pegs or "trunnels".

Many of the truss styles had been proven in barn structures and were adapted by bridge builders. These were straightforward expressions of functional structure or architecture.

Covering a bridge offered protection against weather for humans and animals, but essentially, putting up side walls and a roof gave it added strength and protected the bridge materials against weather and wear.

One hundred years after the bridge was built, some timbers and framework were replaced and completely new siding was put on the north side. In 1967 the capacity was limited to three tons, and in 1974 the bridge was closed to all vehicular traffic.

Covered bridges are thought of as an important link in American history and mark the differences between horse and buggy traffic and the greater speeds and weight of the automobile and heavy equipment.

Marble quarried from Sheffield, used in the east to form the abutment is the same as the Sheffield marble used in the construction of one section of the Washington Monument. In this use of materials the bridge is kin to that great monument in Washington.

Extensive authentic restoration was carried out in 1981 by Milton Graton of Ashland, N. H., known as the dean of covered bridge builders. He was assisted by his son Arnold and grandson Arnold, Jr., as well as by Sheffield residents who appreciated the painstaking construction methods of the old-time craftsman. This reconstruction is engineered by David Fischetti.

Countless visitors have come to see the bridge during the past 140 years, and the Sheffield Garden Club has beautified the approaches. The bridge and its setting have imparted a sense of tranquility to those who come to enjoy its simple beauty. It has been a favorite subject for photographers and artists.

In the early morning of August 13, 1994, the venerable bridge was burned to the ground!

Some materials salvaged form the earlier structures will be used for continuity in the reconstruction of this valued landmark.
Details
HM NumberHMP2X
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 3rd, 2014 at 5:14am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 635972 N 4664810
Decimal Degrees42.12361667, -73.35500000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 7.417', W 73° 21.3'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 7' 25.02" N, 73° 21' 18.00" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)413
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1015 Covered Bridge Ln, Sheffield MA 01257, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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