Salem Rest Area

Salem Rest Area (HMOTO)

Location: Salem, SD 57058 McCook County
Country: United States of America

N 43° 39.955', W 97° 25.346'

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Inscription
South Dakota's rich western heritage has been remembered along the Interstate highway system at safety rest areas and tourist information centers.

The eight pillars which thrust skyward here merge in the framework of a tipi, the Plains Indian home. The one-by-one and one-half foot concrete lodgepoles rise fifty-six feet in the air and weigh six-and-one-half tons each. The structures were executed in an architectural manner reflecting the spartan lifestyle of the nomadic Lakota (Sioux) Nation.

Beneath each tipi are several concrete isosceles triangles, a basic design of the Lakota Nation, set in a pattern to form a thunderbird, another traditional Indian symbol.

The building which houses the rest rooms and tourist information center is fashioned after the sod houses and dugouts which dotted the South Dakota prairie during pioneer days. Four miles north of here the town of Salem reflects the influence of the railroad in opening Dakota Territory to settlement.

Salem, named after the Massachusetts community, was platted in 1880 and for two years after was the most important railroad point between Sioux Falls and Mitchell. The Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway reached Salem in the fall and winter of 1880-81, but the blizzard of 1881 prevented the lines immediate use. During the summer of 1883 the Dakota Central division of the Chicago and Northwestern Railway was completed through the town.

In 1882 Salem, then called Melas, became the third county seat for McCook County in the space of four years, a status it has retained. Although the railroads no longer have the influence of years ago, communities such as Salem serve as reminders that railroads often led, rather than followed, settlement.
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HM NumberHMOTO
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 2nd, 2014 at 12:07pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14T E 627188 N 4835977
Decimal Degrees43.66591667, -97.42243333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 43° 39.955', W 97° 25.346'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds43° 39' 57.30" N, 97° 25' 20.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)605
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 154-198 Unnamed Road, Salem SD 57058, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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