Arthur Campbell, a military and political leader, was born in Augusta County in 1743. In 1758 during the Seven Years' War (1756-1763), Campbell was captured by the Wyandot Indians aligned with the French and held captive for two years before escaping likely in present day region of Michigan. In 1773 he married Margaret Campbell and they lived at Royal Oak (present day Marion). Campbell served on the Fincastle County committee that wrote the Fincastle Resolves in 1775, and was a county lieutenant, justice of the peace, postmaster, and member of the Virginia House of Delegates. In 1809, Campbell moved to Yellow Creek (now Middlesboro), Kentucky where he died in 1811.