A Changed Landscape

A Changed Landscape (HMNNJ)

Location: Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Country: United States of America

N 38° 18.545', W 77° 27.297'

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Inscription
The sketch below, done by a Union soldier, shows the landscape in front of you as it looked in 1863. During the Civil War, this was the rear of Chatham—a functional space unadorned with gardens or architectural finery. Union soldiers had cut down whatever trees stood here. Graves of men killed at Fredericksburg dotted the yard.

During the 1920s, Chatham's owners moved the main entryway from the river side to the fa?ade in front of you. They also moved the formal gardens to this side, hiring America's foremost female landscape architect, Ellen Biddle Shipman, to design the new landscape.

Shipman, the daughter of a Civil War general, designed more than 650 gardens during her career, and many consider her work at Chatham to be among her best. Although Chatham's last private owner made significant changes to the gardens, many of Shipman's original design elements are still present: classical sculpture, pathways, the rose arbor, and parterre beds.
Details
HM NumberHMNNJ
Tags
Year Placed2010
Placed ByFredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 21st, 2014 at 11:53pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 285354 N 4242960
Decimal Degrees38.30908333, -77.45495000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 18.545', W 77° 27.297'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 18' 32.70" N, 77° 27' 17.82" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 100 Chatham Dr, Fredericksburg VA 22405, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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