Battle of Palmito Ranch

Battle of Palmito Ranch (HMNL0)

Location: Brownsville, TX 78521 Cameron County
Country: United States of America

N 25° 57.696', W 97° 18.096'

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Inscription
The last land engagement of the Civil War was fought near this site on May 12-13, 1865, thirty-four days after Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox. Col. Theodore H. Barrett commanded Federal troops on Brazos Island 12 miles to the east. The Confederates occupied Fort Brown 12 miles to the west, commanded by Gen. James E. Slaughter and Col. John S. (Rip) Ford, whose troops had captured Fort Brown from the Federals in 1864.

Ordered to recapture the fort, Lt. Col. David Branson and 300 men advanced from Brazos Island. They won a skirmish with Confederate pickets on May 12. Barrett reinforced Branson's troops with 200 men on May 13 and renewed the march to Fort Brown. Confederate cavalry held the Federals in check until Ford arrived with reinforcements that afternoon. Ford's artillery advanced and fired on the northern end of the Federal line while the cavalry charged. The Confederate right charged the southern end of the Federal line and captured part of the Union infantry. Barrett ordered a retreat toward the U.S. position on Brazos Island.

While the Confederates reported no fatalities in the Battle of Palmito Ranch, the Union forces reported four officers and 111 men killed, wounded or missing.
Details
HM NumberHMNL0
Series This marker is part of the National Historic Landmarks series
Tags
Year Placed1990
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 22nd, 2014 at 3:19am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14R E 670042 N 2872534
Decimal Degrees25.96160000, -97.30160000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 25° 57.696', W 97° 18.096'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds25° 57' 41.76" N, 97° 18' 5.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)956
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 202 Boca Chica Blvd, Brownsville TX 78521, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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