The Augusta Canal

The Augusta Canal (HMMV0)

Location: Augusta, GA 30904 Richmond County
Buy Georgia State flags at Flagstore.com!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at Flagstore.com!

N 33° 29.223', W 81° 59.679'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 227 views
Inscription

Powder Works and Mills

The tall chimney in front of the Sibley Millis the only surviving structure built by theConfederacy, and stands as a memorial to war dead.
Augusta and its canal played a prominent role inthe War between the States as the site of theConfederate Powder Works. The 168 foot highornate brick chimney was preserved in 1872 inmemory of those who died in the war. The Canalwas an important factor in the selection ofAugusta as the Powder Works site, as it offeredwater power and a means to transport materials.Railroad service to Augusta and the city's inlandlocation, protecting it from northern attacks,were also siting factors.
In 1862, Colonel George Washington Rains (Picture included) wasresponsible for building the Powder Works,which was a complex of twenty-six buildings,widely spaced as a precaution againstthe danger of explosion, and extending two miles on both sides of the canal. Boatmandelivered charcoal, saltpeter, andsulfur to the Powder Works by canal.In addition to producing almost 3 million pounds of gunpowder, other parts of theAugusta complex made a wide range of munitions for use in the war. ColonelRains, justly proud of his accomplishments,boasted that no battle was lost for wantof gunpowder.

The Sibley Mill stands adjacent to thePowder Works chimney. It remains aprominent symbol of the post warindustrial success of Augusta. Built in 1880,and incorporating architectural elementssimilar to those used in the Powder Works, it is one of the finist national examples ofeclectic 19th century industrial architecture.

The King Mill, named after one of thefounders of the Augusta Canal, John Pendleton King, was built in 1882 tomanufacture textiles. By 1900, 1812 loomswere operated by hydropower from the canal.

Both Sibley and King Mills still usewater power from the canal togenerate electricity, producingcotton denim and textiles forhospital use, respectively.

Throughout the Harrisburgneighborhood are excellentexamples of housing which millsbuilt for their workers (Picture included). Most weresingle and double wooden housesin a simple vernacular style, although a few brick row houses were built, emulating styles more typicallyfound in the North. Following theexample of their New Englandcounterparts, the mills also builtchurches, recreation halls, storesand kindergartens for their workers.

(Drawing of Mill included) (Carving shows Canal Stevens Creek Dam to Water Works)Built 1846
Enlarged 1875
Details
HM NumberHMMV0
Tags
Placed ByAugusta Canal Authority Funding by Searle Augusta
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 19th, 2014 at 9:00pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 407595 N 3705726
Decimal Degrees33.48705000, -81.99465000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 33° 29.223', W 81° 59.679'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds33° 29' 13.38" N, 81° 59' 40.74" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)706
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 119 Eve St, Augusta GA 30904, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. This marker needs at least one picture.
  10. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  11. Is the marker in the median?