The Battle of Richmond

The Battle of Richmond (HML50)

Location: Richmond, KY 40475 Madison County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 39.844', W 84° 15.063'

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August 29-30, 1862

In the summer of 1862 the Confederacy took the offensive

Robert E. Lee's army advanced into Maryland. Sterling Price and Earl Van Dorn's armies marched toward Corinth, Mississippi. Braxton Bragg and Kirby Smith moved out of Tennessee and into Kentucky. It was Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith's battle-hardened army that engaged the untried Union soldiers at the four engagements that comprised the Battle of Richmond.

The first engagement took place at Big Hill on August 23, 1862. A skirmish on the afternoon of August 29 was followed by three major engagements the next day. The first took place near Kingston. You now stand in the center of that battlefield. The second engagement was at Rogersville (the area adjacent to the present day intersection of US 25 and US 421). The third took place in Richmond at the City Cemetery.

The battle of Richmond was an overwhelming Confederate victory

Over 5,353 of the 6,500 Union soldiers sent to stop the 9,000 Confederates were killed, wounded, or captured, most of them captured, making the Battle of Richmond one of the most decisive Confederate victories of the entire Civil War.

The Confederate success was short-lived. On October 8, three weeks after his victory at Munfordville, Gen. Braxton Bragg's Confederate army fought Gen. Don Carlos Buell's army at Perryville. After six bloody hour the Confederates pulled back to Harrodsburg. Gen. Kirby Smith reached Harrodsburg two days after Bragg's defeat and their armies began the long march back to Tennessee.

The other Confederate armies met with similar fates. Price and Van Dorn were defeated at Corinth. Neither side could claim victory after the Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in American history, but at its conclusion Robert E. Lee retreated. This "victory" gave Abraham Lincoln the opportunity to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, which would forever change the nation.
HM NumberHML50
Series This marker is part of the Battlefield Trails - Civil War series
Placed ByCivil War Discovery Trail
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 18th, 2014 at 10:00pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 742471 N 4172099
Decimal Degrees37.66406667, -84.25105000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 39.844', W 84° 15.063'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 39' 50.64" N, 84° 15' 3.78" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)859
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4200-4278 Battlefield Memorial Hwy, Richmond KY 40475, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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