The Battle of Monterey Pass (Citizens)

The Battle of Monterey Pass (Citizens) (HMKPL)

Location: Fairfield, PA 17320 Adams County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 44.728', W 77° 27.223'

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Citizen's Stories and Kilpatrick's Advance

On the afternoon of July 4, Union General Judson Kilpatrick's left Emmitsburg with three brigades of cavalry, supported by three batteries of rifled artillery. Kilpatrick was ordered to locate and attack a Confederate wagon train that was moving over South Mountain.

At Monterey Pass, Confederate soldiers captured Mr. Jacob Baer, David Miller, and other civilians at the Monterey Inn, Baer managed to get a message for help to Susan Lookabaugh. She walked pass the Confederate pickets and came across James Embley and asked him for help.

Near Fountaindale, local farmer Charles H. Buhrman received the message about the capture of several local men who were being held at the Monterey Inn. Buhrman mounted his horse and went to find help.

Buhrman found the advance of the Union cavalry near Fountaindale and reported what he had learned directly to General Kilpatrick and General George A. Custer.

As Mr. Buhrman rode with General Kilpatrick, they came across Hetty Zeilinger, who told them that the Confederates had placed a cannon commanding the mountain summit from the east.

It was about sunset when the Union cavalry was at the base of the mountain. As weather conditions worsened Kilpatrick's cavalry ascended the mountain. Kilpatrick noted that to this right was a rugged mountain peak, to his left was a steep ravine, and to his front was a road too narrow to deploy his artillery.
Series This marker is part of the Battlefield Trails - Civil War series
Historical Period19th Century, Civil War
Historical PlaceBattlefield
Marker TypeOther
Marker ClassBoth
Marker StyleInterpretative Marker / Sign
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 18th, 2014 at 12:34pm PDT -07:00
Photo Credits: [1] DOUGLAS MOWEN  
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 289758 N 4402379
Decimal Degrees39.74546667, -77.45371667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 44.728', W 77° 27.223'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 44' 43.68" N, 77° 27' 13.38" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Can be seen from road?Yes
Is marker in the median?No
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1308-1326 Old Waynesboro Rd, Fairfield PA 17320, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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