The Juan Bautista de Anza Trail

The Juan Bautista de Anza Trail (HMK4N)

Location: San Jose, CA 95110 Santa Clara County
Country: United States of America

N 37° 20.206', W 121° 53.675'

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The Juan Bautista de Anza National HistoricTrail marks a 1,200 mile route that brought settlers to California from Tubac, in present-day Arizona, to what is now San Francisco.

The Spanish planned a system of Presidios, or military forts, and missions to strategically secure Alta California for the Spanish Empire, amidst competing claims by Russia, France and England. However, it was not easy to deliver food and supplies. Trips by sea were lengthy and dangerous, and many ships were destroyed on the rugged California coastline. An overland route was needed to bring soldiers and farmers to establish new settlements.

In 1774, at his own expense, Juan Bautista de Anza, a Spanish Captain, successfully scouted an overland route from Tubac to Alta California. A year later de Anza led over 240 people from Tubac to the presidio at Monterey, arriving on March 10, 1776. These soldiers-settlers and their families founded Presidio of San Francisco and Mission Dolores.

On November 29, 1777, sixty-six of de Anza's popladores, or settlers, founded California's first city, El Pueblo de San Jos? de Guadalupe. They were an ethnically and mixed group of soldiers, ex-soldiers, a few farmers, and their families. The popladores of San Jos? soon furnished food to the presidios at Monterey and San Francisco, the northernmost extent of the Spanish Empire.

The adobe in front of you was constructed by Manuel Gonz?les, an Apache Indian, member of the de Anza party, and one of San Jos?'s first alcaldes, or mayors. In 1804 Gonz?les sold his adobe to Luis Maria Peralta, also a member of de Anza's expedition. Peralta became the Comisionado, or crown officer, of San Jos? in 1807.

Though empires have fallen and flags have changed since 1775, many descendants of both the native people and the popladores still live in San Jos?, California's first city.

El "Sendero Hist?rico Nacional Juan Bautista de Anza" dem?rca la ruta de 1.920 kil?metros sequida por los primeros habitantes de California, que vinieron desde Tubac (en lo que es hoy en d?a Arizona) hasta lo que es ehora San Francisco.

Los espa?oles planificaron un sistema de presidios, o fuertes militares, y misiones para afianzar estrat?gicamente los territories de Alta California para la corona de Espa?a antes que sus rivales―Rusia, Francia e Inglaterra. Sin embargo, resultaba dificil abastecerlos con provisiones y comida debido a que las rutas mar?timas eran largas y peligrosas (muchos barcos naufragaron en las rocosas costas californianas). Se necesitaba de una ruta terrestre para traer soldados y colonos e establecer poblados.

En 1774 el capit?n espa?ol Juan Bautista de Anza logr? con ?xito y a su propio gasta, establecer una ruta terrestre desde Tubac hasta Alta California. Un a?o despu de Anza llev? a m de 240 personas desde Tubac hasta el presidio de Monterey, al cual llegaron el 10 de marzo de 1776. Fueron estos soldados y colonos quienes fundaron el presidio de San Francisco e la misi?n Dolores.

El 29 de noviembre de 1777 sesentais?is colones del grupo de de Anza fundaron la primera ciudad de California, el pueblo de San Jos? de Guadalupe. Este era un grupo ?tnica y racialmente mixto, compuesto por soldados, ex soldados y unos cuantos agricultores y sus familias. En poco tiempo los pobladores de San Jos? comenzarorn a proveer alimentos a los presidios de Monterey y San Francisco, las regions m al extremo norte del Reino de Nueva Espa?a.

La casa de adobe frente a Usted fue constru?da por el indio Apache Manuel Gonz?les, que fue miembro del grupo de de Anza y uno de los primeros alcaldes de San Jos?. En 1804 Gonz?les vendi? su casa de adobe a Luis Mar?a Peralta, tambi?n miembro del grupo expedicionario de de Anza. En 1807 Peralta fue nombrado Comisionado de San Jos?, el representante oficial de la corona espa?ola.

A pesar que desde 1775 los emperios han ca?do e las banderas han cambiado, muchos descendientes tanto de los pueblos nativos como de los pobladores originales todav?a viven en San Jos?, la primera ciudad de California.
Details
HM NumberHMK4N
Series This marker is part of the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail series
Tags
Placed ByNational Park Service Challenge Cost Share Program
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 23rd, 2014 at 8:16am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10S E 597921 N 4132805
Decimal Degrees37.33676667, -121.89458333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 20.206', W 121° 53.675'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 20' 12.36" N, 121° 53' 40.50" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)408, 650, 831, 714
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 170 W St John St, San Jose CA 95110, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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