The Urban Face of the Scioto River

The Urban Face of the Scioto River (HMJZX)

Location: Columbus, OH 43215 Franklin County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 57.93', W 83° 0.539'

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Inscription
The confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy Rivers is just northwest of North Bank Park, and the rivers were the major attraction for both Native American and white settlers. The river and its tributaries were the life-blood to the region providing drinking water, food, and businesses, as well as limited transportation. The floodplains provided fertile ground for growing crops.

Even though the river was a major reason for locating in Central Ohio, it also brought problems. More than a dozen major floods ravaged the region, and along with floods came disease and pests.

As the community grew, the residents turned their backs to the river and filled it with raw sewage, garbage, and industrial waste. Soon, only the poorest, and those who had to, lived near the river. By the mid to late 1800s, the river was lined with tenement slums, taverns, warehouses, and manufacturing facilities. Huge manufacturing plants such as Union Fork and Hoe and Columbus Buggy Company were located in the area just north of Spring Street.

Civic leaders began to recognize the potential benefits of the river in the early 1900s, and developed a plan to reclaim the area. It called for major waterfront parks, government buildings, and entertainment venues. Before the plan could be implemented, one of the most devastating floods in Columbus history occurred in 1913.

The plan was delayed, but eventually huge sections of abandoned and run-down buildings were demolished. The river was widened and deepened with a series of dams to minimize flooding. Only a portion of the civic center plan was constructed, including major structures such as Central High School (now COSI), the Federal Building, City Hall, and the Ohio Supreme Court Building (formerly the Ohio Departments Building).

North Bank Park is part of a modern day effort to reclaim the riverfront and make it more available to the public and to promote downtown activities.
Details
HM NumberHMJZX
Tags
Placed ByCity of Columbus
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 22nd, 2014 at 10:46am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 328421 N 4425860
Decimal Degrees39.96550000, -83.00898333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 57.93', W 83° 0.539'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 57' 55.80" N, 83° 0' 32.34" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)614, 513
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 243-309 W Long St, Columbus OH 43215, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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