3-inch Rifles

3-inch Rifles (HMJQG)

Location: Seven Valleys, PA 17360 York County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 50.623', W 76° 46.619'

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Inscription

Civil War Veterans

Sure Fire
"The Yankee 3-inch rifle was a dead shot at any distance under a mile. They could hit the end of a flour barrel more often than miss, unless the gunner got rattled."
- A member of Lumsden's Confederate Battery, 1864

The three-inch ordnance rifle was the Union Army's cannon of choice during the Civil War. It was exceptionally accurate and reliable, capable of leveling infantry lines and destroying enemy guns up to a half-mile away. A skilled crew could fire three times a minute.

Pennsylvania Product
This kind of cannon was "born" here in the region. In 1854, John Griffen, Superintendent of Safe Harbor Iron Works in Lancaster County, patented the manufacturing process. Red-hot sheets of wrought iron were wrapped around a core, and then reheated. Once the cannon cooled, the core was bored and the barrel rifled.

The Guns of York
Congress awarded these four cannon to York in 1874. They originally stood guard in Penn Park, flanking the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial (shown in 1898). For protection against weather damage and vandalism, the cannon went into storage in 1975. They arrived at this site in 2007, on permanent loan from Capt. Edgar M. Ruhl Camp #33 Sons of Veterans of the Civil War.
Details
HM NumberHMJQG
Tags
Placed ByYork County Parks
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 14th, 2014 at 12:26am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 347967 N 4411922
Decimal Degrees39.84371667, -76.77698333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 50.623', W 76° 46.619'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 50' 37.38" N, 76° 46' 37.14" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 11 Heritage Rail Trail County Park, Seven Valleys PA 17360, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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