William ("Bill") Goyens

William ("Bill") Goyens (HMJN0)

Location: Nacogdoches, TX 75961 Nacogdoches County
Country: United States of America

N 31° 36.21', W 94° 39.385'

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Inscription

Texas' First Black Capitalist

— 1794-1856 —

Stone Marker:
Born a slave in South Carolina, 1794
Escaped to Texas in 1821
Rendered valuable assistance to the Army of Texas, 1836
Interpreter for the Houston-Forbes Treaty with the Cherokees, 1836
Acquired wealth and was noted for his charity
Died at his home on Goyens' Hill
1856
His skin was black
His heart, true blue

Accompanying metal marker:
This monument marks the site of a large city lot owned by Willaim Goyens in the 1840s. Contrary to the information on this 1936 Texas Centennial Marker, Goyens was not a slave but was born a free man of color in North Carolina in 1794.

Willaim Goyens came to Nacogdoches in 1820, became a prosperous innkeeper and blacksmith, was the gunsmith for the Mexican Army, and built wagons and operated a freight service between Nacogdoches and Natchitoches. He also bought and sold land and became one of the county's major landholders.

Goyens was active in civic and political life in Nacogdoches and became the chief intermediary between the Indians and the settlers of East Texas. Goyens helped Sam Houston negotiate a peace treaty with the Cherokees during the Texas Revolution.

When free Negroes were banned from Texas after 1840, the leading citizens of Nacogdoches petitioned Congress and gained amnesty for Goyens, who lived the last part of his life on Goyens Hill, four miles west of Nacogdoches. William Goyens died in 1856, leaving an estate of 12,423 acres, considerable money and goods, five slaves, and a rich and respectable reputation.

This William Goyens Centennial Marker was moved from its original location in a woods pasture near Goyens hill to this more visible and protected site.
Details
HM NumberHMJN0
Tags
Marker Number9275
Year Placed1936
Placed ByState of Texas
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 25th, 2014 at 2:00am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 342863 N 3497678
Decimal Degrees31.60350000, -94.65641667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 31° 36.21', W 94° 39.385'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds31° 36' 12.60" N, 94° 39' 23.10" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)936, 903
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 136-176 South St, Nacogdoches TX 75961, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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