The African ~ American Experience

The African ~ American Experience (HMJBA)

Location: Courtland, AL 35618 Lawrence County
Country: United States of America

N 34° 40.013', W 87° 18.651'

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Inscription
Marker Front:
African~Americans played a very significant role in the early history of Courtland. Most came as slaves from the older southern states to help clear the land, to plant crops of cotton and corn, and to serve as household domestics. President Thomas Jefferson's great~grandson, William S. Bankhead, brought his personal servant and valet, Jupiter, from Monticello when he settled near Courtland in the 1840s. Skilled slave craftsmen also assisted in constructing many Courtland buildings before the Civil War. After emancipation, most African~Americans earned their livelihood as tenants and small farmers.

Marker Reverse:
Before being officially denied political participation by the state constitution of 1901, Courtland's African~American community produced the most successful local Republican party organization in North Alabama, on occasion uniting with area whites to create a biracial government. H. H. Stewart, a graduate of Williams College (Mass.), was an outstanding educational and political leader of the Courtland black community during this period. In the early 20th century, many Courtland area African~Americans migrated to the North and Upper Midwest to seek greater economic and social opportunity.
Details
HM NumberHMJBA
Tags
Year Placed1994
Placed ByThe Courtland Historical Foundation and the Town of Courtland
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 9th, 2014 at 3:47pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 471519 N 3836146
Decimal Degrees34.66688333, -87.31085000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 40.013', W 87° 18.651'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 40' 0.78" N, 87° 18' 39.06" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)256
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 400-498 Tennessee St, Courtland AL 35618, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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