Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul
— Ardeaglais nPheadair agus nPh—il —
The priory of Newtowntrim was founded in 1202 by Simon de Rochfort, Bishop of Meath, for a community of Augustinian canons (priests). As well as functioning as part of the monastery, the church became the cathedral for the diocese of Meath after Simon petitioned the Pope to transfer his cathedral from Clonard to this site, where it could be protected by the great Norman castle at Trim.
The Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul was one of the largest and most sophisticated churches built in Ireland in the middle ages. It has a long nave
- the part of the church where the congregation sat - with transepts
to the sides and a choir
with rib-vaulting. South of the the church was the cloister surrounded by domestic buildings; only the refectory
(the dining hall) on the south side of the courtyard remains. Also surviving are parts of the highly elaborate doorway into the chapter house where a chapter of the order's rule was read daily.
During the 15th or 16th century the size of the church was reduced by removal of the aisles and transepts and the building of a new west wall.
[Gaelic transcription follows]
Bunaiodh pri?ireacht an Bhaile Nua sa bhliain 1202 le Simon de Rochfort, Easpag na M?, I gcomhair chuallacht can?naigh Aguist?neacha I eteannta bheith mar chuid den mhainistir, bh? an seip?al ina ardeaglais freisin, i gcomhair dheoise na M?, tar ?is do Simon achain? a dh?anamh ar an bP?pa an ardeaglais, a aistri? ? Chlua__ Ioraird go dt? an ?it a bhf?adfadh an t-ollchaisle?n i mBaile ?tha Truim ? a chosaint.
Bh? ardeaglais Naomh Peadar agus P?l ar cheann de na s?ip?il ba mh? agus ba chr?ochn?la __r t?gadh in ?irinn le linn na Me?naoise. Bh? copr fada sa s?ipeal - an chuid sin de ina mb?odh an pobal ina su? - ag bh? croslanna ar an d? chliath?n, maraon le c?r le stua creathach mar dh?on air. O dheas ?n s?ip?al bh? an clabhstra agus foirgnimh tis timpeall air. N? sheasann anois d?obh ach an bhialann ar an taobh ? dheas den chl. T? codanna den doras ?rn?idithe isteach i dteach na caibidle le feice?il freisin, ?it a l?it? caibidil as Riail an oird gach la.
I rith an 15? agus an 16? haois laghda?odh an s?ip?al nuair a baineadh amach an taobhroinn agus na croslanna, agus nuair a t?gadh balla nua ar an taobh thiar.