Charcoal Pit

Charcoal Pit (HMFW8)

Location: Elverson, PA 19520 Berks County
Country: United States of America

N 40° 12.326', W 75° 46.517'

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Inscription

Making furnace fuel

Throughout surrounding hills are remains of hundreds of pits such as this one in front of you. Workers, or colliers, tended these pits to transform wood into charcoal — a pure carbon fuel.

Colliers ignited stacked wood covered with leaves and dirt to begin making charcoal. It took ten days to two weeks for wood to "come to foot" or char completely. Around the clock, colliers kept a watchful eye on smoldering pits to prevent an open flame from igniting and ruining the charcoal. Hopewell's best charcoal was made by gradually charring chestnut, oak, and hickory wood.

Master colliers and their helpers made charcoal during spring, summer, and fall. Seldom seen here, they lived as nomads in primitive, cone-shaped huts. By centralizing their homesites, two or three charcoal workers could tend up to nine charcoal pits at a time.
Details
HM NumberHMFW8
Tags
Placed ByNational Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 15th, 2014 at 9:27pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 434020 N 4450846
Decimal Degrees40.20543333, -75.77528333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 12.326', W 75° 46.517'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 12' 19.56" N, 75° 46' 31.02" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)610
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2 Clement Brook Ln, Elverson PA 19520, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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