York surrenders to save city

York surrenders to save city (HMF4U)

Location: York, PA 17406 York County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 57.753', W 76° 43.659'

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In 1863, York became the largest Northern town occupied by the Confederate Army. The center of one of the richest farming regions in the Union, York was virtually defenseless as the Rebels approached. When Major General Jubal A. Early neared, the mayor and a committee of citizens met them to surrender the city. On June 28, Early moved into the court house and his brigades took over the U.S. Army Hospital on Penn Common, the York Fairgrounds, market sheds, and the mills north of town.

Early wanted supplies for his troops, so he demanded bread, sugar, coffee, molasses, meat, socks, hats, 2,000 pairs of shoes, and $100,000 from the citizens of York. If they failed to meet his demands, he threatened to sack the town. The townspeople found most of what he asked for, except they could scrape together only $28,600. Early was satisfied and spared the town.

York's leaders had agreed not to resist in return for peaceful occupation. As a result, the Confederates allowed the Yorkers to pass freely within the town. the residents interacted regularly with the occupiers, most of whom came from Georgia, Virginia, North Carolina, and Louisiana.
HM NumberHMF4U
Series This marker is part of the Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Civil War Trails series
Historical Period20th Century
Historical PlaceMonument
Marker TypeHistoric District
Marker ClassHistorical Marker
Marker StyleFree Standing
Year Placed2009
Placed ByCivil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 6th, 2014 at 12:08am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 352443 N 4425029
Decimal Degrees39.96255000, -76.72765000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 57.753', W 76° 43.659'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 57' 45.1800" N, 76° 43' 39.5400" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Can be seen from road?Yes
Is marker in the median?No
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 9 E Market St, York PA 17406, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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