Garrard's Cavalry Raid

Garrard's Cavalry Raid (HMDHH)

Location: Covington, GA 30014 Newton County
Country: United States of America

N 33° 36.18', W 83° 51.51'

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On July 20, 1864, Union forces under Maj. Gen. W.T. Sherman USA, were closing in on Atlanta. Hq. 2nd Cavalry Division [US], Brig. Gen Kenner Garrard, was in Decatur, 6 miles E of Atlanta. Garrard's three brigades were guarding bridges over the Chattahoochee River picketing the left flank. That night, Garrard was ordered to assemble his command and move to Covington, to burn the bridges over the Yellow and Ulafauhachee (Alcovy) rivers and to destroy the railroad between Lithonia and the Alcovy.

He marched late on the 21st. By noon on the 24th, he had returned to Decatur, bringing with him "200 prisoners and a fine lot of fresh horses and negroes." In three days, he had marched over 90 miles and destroyed three wagon bridges and the railroad bridge over the Yellow River, and more than six miles of track. At Covington, he burned the depot, a newly-built army hospital center, 2,000 bales of cotton, and large quantities of quartermaster and commissary supplies. At Conyers, at Covington and near the Alcovy, trains were captured and burned. A detached brigade burned the depot at Social Circle and destroyed other facilities enroute.

Garrard's raid cut off all communication between Atlanta and Augusta and destroyed any hope that the Army of Tennessee [CS] — the hard-pressed defenders of Atlanta — might receive supplies or reinforcements from the Eastern Confederacy.
Series This marker is part of the Georgia: Georgia Historical Society/Commission series
Marker Number107-3
Year Placed1957
Placed ByGeorgia Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 8th, 2014 at 9:45pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 234759 N 3721802
Decimal Degrees33.60300000, -83.85850000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 33° 36.18', W 83° 51.51'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds33° 36' 10.80" N, 83° 51' 30.60" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)404, 678, 770
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 3166 US-278, Covington GA 30014, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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