Perimeter of the Fort

Perimeter of the Fort (HMCB4)

Location: Cumberland, MD 21502 Allegany County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 39.053', W 78° 45.935'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 268 views
Inscription

— Fort Cumberland Trail —

You stand upon historic ground within the north wall of Fort Cumberland. Your location (X) is shown on the diagram. Lines of barracks (I), parallel with the street, were to your front and in the rear along the line of white rocks in the street. The land was fairly level then on top of a hill extending out from the church property in front of you. The fort here was a palisado work with logs stripped and pinned together and rising to a height of twelve feet.

Fort Cumberland mainly served as a rallying point for expeditions against the French to the west and as the forward outpost in a line of frontier forts for protecting settlers from hostile Indians during the mid 1700's. Patrols went out from here to secure intelligence of French and Indian activity in the area. Some went as far as the Ohio River. The fort's presence never served as much of a deterrent to Indian raids against the white settlers. It was garrisoned continuously from the winter of 1754-1755 until abandoned in 1765. The garrison usually numbered 150 to 200 men. Some of the garrison commanders were Colonel James Innes, Colonel George Washington, Colonel Adams Stephens, major Livingston, Major General Edward Braddock, and Governor Sharpe of Maryland.

After Braddock's defeat on July 9, 1755, the frontier was defenseless and the western area of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia were raided and settlers attacked by the Indians. Some smaller forts were captured and many people fled to the east. Scalping parties ranged within thirty miles of Baltimore, Maryland, and many local people fled as far east as Frederick. Women visiting neighbors were shot down or carried off, children bringing in livestock from the field were tomahawked and scalped, and homes and property were abandoned to be looted or put to the torch by the Indians. "It was at the risk of life that anyone ventured a few rods from his door" - Col. Washington. Jane Frazier was captured along the Old Town road in 1755 and a companion killed. Jane was taken to Ohio and returned home thirteen months later after escaping.

Soldiers were attacked and some killed between the fort and the nearby streams while going for water or to the storehouses below the hill. Indians were bold enough to camp nearby and fire into the fort from nearby hills. Military couriers (messengers) between here and Fort Loudoun at Winchester, Virginia, were regularly attacked and often disappeared. For many reasons, Fort Cumberland was unable to stop Indian raids in the local area or keep them from passing to the east.

Fort Cumberland Trail
Details
HM NumberHMCB4
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 18th, 2014 at 11:04pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 691706 N 4391395
Decimal Degrees39.65088333, -78.76558333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 39.053', W 78° 45.935'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 39' 3.18" N, 78° 45' 56.10" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301, 240
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2-22 Washington St, Cumberland MD 21502, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  10. This marker needs at least one picture.
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?