Trenches and Tunnels / Army Discipline

Trenches and Tunnels / Army Discipline (HMBKM)

Location: Cumberland, MD 21502 Allegany County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 39.017', W 78° 45.89'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 257 views
Inscription

— Fort Cumberland Trail —

Trenches and Tunnels

It was common for forts of this period to have rifle pits or trenches outside the walls as a line of first defense. Fort Cumberland was likely no exception. However, the excavations most people refer to apparently had other purposes than this.
Two water gates were along the palisade walls near the point of the fort. Trenches, tunnels, or both ran from these toward the creek below. They were necessary to protect men going for water or to the storehouses located down the hill (behind you) from Indians. It was so hazardous going for water that a well was sunk inside the fort in 1756. The remains of one of these "trench-tunnels" can be seen ahead on the church lawn. See the photo above.
It is known that a tunnel ran from the fort to the site of the present library building in Prospect Square. One source reports another tunnel possibly ran west from the fort proper to the area of Smallwood Street passing near the present courthouse.
Little was written down about these passages by the men in a position to know the details. Subterranean passages were mentioned in a meeting Washington attended.

Army Discipline

The enforcement of discipline among the army troops in colonial days was much sterner than today. It was especially harsh in the British Army. The common punishment was the lash on the bare back and 1000 lashes given at the same time generally caused death while 600 could permanently cripple a man.
Some punishments ordered by Braddock while in this area were: immediate death to anyone preventing the passage of provisions or forage to the encampment, death or various numbers of lashes for desertion, death to anyone caught stealing or wasting provisions, 600 lashes or more for theft, 300 lashes for gaming or being a spectator to it, 250 lashes for giving money or strong liquor to the Indians, and 200 lashes for drinking. Orders on June 11, 1755, said anyone caught stealing would be hanged immediately and women caught in the camps along the march for the second time without permission should suffer death.
Sometimes large sentences (number of lashes) were split and the punishment administered at different times. This gave the person receiving the punishment a better chance of surviving the ordeal.
Details
HM NumberHMBKM
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 10th, 2014 at 11:56pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 691772 N 4391330
Decimal Degrees39.65028333, -78.76483333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 39.017', W 78° 45.89'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 39' 1.02" N, 78° 45' 53.40" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301, 240
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1-47 Greene St, Cumberland MD 21502, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  10. This marker needs at least one picture.
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?