Colonists marvelled at the deep, tall forests of Virginia - then set to clearing them away. The "goodly tall Trees" became firewood, fort walls, house frames, boat planks, barrel staves, industrial fuel, and lumber exports.
Jamestown's ruins yielded many tools of woodcutters, sawyers, and carpenters. Coopers were especially busy. Barrels and casks bore shipments for England, and stored colonial supplies.
A two-man crosscut saw was recovered almost intact, from an abandoned site in New Towne. Pit saws were also used.