The Chapman-Ruffner House

The Chapman-Ruffner House (HMB8W)

Location: Luray, VA 22835 Page County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 40.163', W 78° 27.291'

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Inscription

Boyhood Home of the "Fighting Chapmans"

— Mosby's Confederacy —

Immigrant Peter Ruffner built this house about 1739. Before the Civil War, William A. Chapman bought it, and three sons reared here later fought for the Confederacy. For their exploits as members of Col. John S. Mosby's Rangers, two of them, Lt. Col. William Henry Chapman and Capt. Samuel Chapman, became known as the "Fighting Chapmans."

After the war began, they and their brother Edmond Gaines Chapman served in the local Dixie Artillery. When it disbanded in October 1862, they dispersed to different units. Edmond served out the war in the Purcell Artillery, while his brothers eventually joined Mosby's Rangers. Shortly after the fight at Miskel's Farm in Loudoun County in the spring of 1863, Sam returned here to recuperate from wounds.

Of William Chapman's leadership abilities, another Ranger's mother later said, "It seemed to me he knew everything." After Gen. Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox, Chapman offered the Rangers' surrender to Union Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock, but Mosby soon opted to disband them instead. Complimenting Mosby's right-hand man, Hancock described Chapman as "important as Mosby."

An ordained minister, Sam Chapman was known as Mosby's "Fighting Parson" and was said to have "embraced combat as if it were an article of faith." Mosby himself said that Sam was "the only man he ever saw who really enjoyed fighting, and who generally went into the fray with his hat in one hand and banging away with his revolver with the other."
Details
HM NumberHMB8W
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Tags
Year Placed2003
Placed BySummers-Koontz Camp #490, with a grant from the Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation and participating funding from the Ruffner House B&B
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 14th, 2014 at 1:40pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 721427 N 4283162
Decimal Degrees38.66938333, -78.45485000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 40.163', W 78° 27.291'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 40' 9.78" N, 78° 27' 17.46" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 400-406 Ruffner House Ln, Luray VA 22835, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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