Cushing's Union Battery

Cushing's Union Battery (HMAOX)

Location: Gettysburg, PA 17325 Adams County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 48.774', W 77° 14.134'

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Inscription

July 3, 1863 - Third Day

"No, I stay right here and fight it out, or die in the attempt."
Lt. Alonzo H. Cushing, U.S.A.
4th U.S. Artillery, Battery A

Battery A, 4th United States Artillery, commanded by Lt. Alonzo H. Cushing, held this key position on the afternoon of July 3. The cannon and associated limbers and caissons in front of you mark the general location of Cushing's Battery.

At 1:00 p.m., as a prelude to Pickett's Charge, about 130 Confederate cannon along Seminary Ridge, 3/4 mile to your left, opened a 1-1/2-hour artillery duel with Union cannon here on Cemetery Ridge. It was the heaviest cannonade the continent had seen. Confederate shells took a toll on Cushing's battery, exploding ammunition chests, knocking wheels off cannon, and killing many horses.

By the time enemy infantry reached the stone wall to your left, only one of Cushing's six guns remained in service. Wounded in the shoulder and groin, and held upright by a fellow officer, Cushing fired his last round of canister into the onrushing Confederates, then fell dead when a bullet entered his mouth. Moments later, Confederate Brig. Gen. Lewis A. Armistead led his men over the wall and overran the battery.

Artillery Projectiles
Solid Shot

Solid iron. Used at longer ranges against massed troops, fortifications, and other batteries. Also to fell timber on enemy soldiers in the woods.

Case Shot
Iron shell filled with musket balls sealed in rosin or molten sulphur. Powder charge in core ignited by fuse. Designed to explode before impact. Also called "shrapnel."

Shell
Cast-iron shell filled with black powder. Time fuse ignited by cannon's discharge. Shell exploded into fragments that could kill or maim.

Canister
Tin can filled with iron balls packed in sawdust. Used at close range - 400 yards or less - against infantry. Double or triple canister could be used in a crisis.
Details
HM NumberHMAOX
Tags
Placed ByGettysburg National Military Park
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 6th, 2014 at 10:38pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 308644 N 4409382
Decimal Degrees39.81290000, -77.23556667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 48.774', W 77° 14.134'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 48' 46.44" N, 77° 14' 8.04" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1860-1886 Hancock Ave, Gettysburg PA 17325, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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