Nelson's Crossing

Nelson's Crossing (HMAB7)

Location: Hanover, VA 23069 King William County
Country: United States of America

N 37° 43.32', W 77° 17.176'

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Inscription

Grant Crosses the Pamunkey

— Lee vs. Grant - The 1864 Campaign —

Federal infantry left the camps around Mangohick Church on the morning of May 28, 1864, and pressed southward toward the Pamunkey River. In order to speed up the pace of the march, the army followed parallel routes. The Second and Sixth Corps moved toward Nelson's Crossing, while the Fifth and Ninth Corps marched farther east, in the direction of a downstream crossing at Hanovertown. Engineers from New York constructed pontoon bridges at each crossing to expedite the maneuver. Two pontoon bridges stood here at Ne1son's Crossing, each about 140 feet long.

The Union infantry entrenched on the first high ridge south of the river, facing the valley of Totopotomoy Creek. A portion of the Sixth Corps explored to the northwest, guarding the army's flank in the direction of Hanover Court House.

Meanwhile Federal cavalry collided with Confederate horsemen due south of here at Haw's Shop. Once Grant's army crossed the Pamunkey, its movements became more apparent to the Confederates, allowing Lee to formulate a response that ultimately led to the Battle of Cold Harbor.

"These canvas pontoons are funny looking; they consist of a boat-shaped frame, which is wrapped in a great sheet of canvas and put in the water? It looks as if the Commander-in-Chief [Grant] had undertaken the washing business on a large scale, and was oaking' his soiled clothing."
- Theodore Lyman, staff of General Meade
Details
HM NumberHMAB7
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 27th, 2014 at 10:05am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 298502 N 4177431
Decimal Degrees37.72200000, -77.28626667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 43.32', W 77° 17.176'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 43' 19.20" N, 77° 17' 10.56" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 5870 Nelsons Bridge Rd, Hanover VA 23069, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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Nearby Markersshow on map
William Latan
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Newmarket
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Union Army's Crossing of the Pamunkey River
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Hanovertown
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"Hanover Town"
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Studley
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Salem Church/Haw's Shop
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Early Airmail Service
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