West View

West View (HMAA4)

Location: Swoope, VA 24479 Augusta County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 10.041', W 79° 10.236'

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Inscription

Confederate Camps

— 1862 Valley Campaign —

In 1862, West View was a village of about 15 buildings including a flour mill, post office, store, wagon shop and saw mills. About 3,000 soldiers camped in the surrounding fields from April 20 to May 6.

Confederates under Gen. Edward "Alleghany" Johnson withdrew to this area in April 1862, after they abandoned Camp Allegheny, 58 miles west of here at the present-day West Virginia border.

Federals under Gen. Robert Milroy followed Johnson on the Staunton-to-Parkersburg Turnpike, occupying Monterey, McDowell and Shenandoah Mountain, successively, during April. Union troops, frequently seen at Buffalo Gap and Jennings Gap to the west, threatened Staunton and the heart of the Shenandoah Valley.

Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson's army was 37 miles northeast near Conrad's Store (now Elkton). Finding Federals approaching him from the north and west, Jackson acted. He arrived in a panicked Staunton on May 4. Two days later, Johnson's troops left their camps here at West View and marched west. Jackson's army followed, marching from Staunton through West View to Shenandoah Mountain on May 7.

Union and Confederate forces met at McDowell on May 8, 1862. The Confederates won the battle there ending the Federal threat to Staunton.

"Johnson is at West View. Too near our home to be agreeable. We now feel what it is to have an army in our houses and an enemy thundering at our doors?. If the foe should come to your door, outwardly submit but coldly and abhor to the last those who bring to our firesides slaughter and devastation."
- Jed Hotchkiss, Jackson's mapmaker, in an 1862 letter to his wife in Churchville.
Details
HM NumberHMAA4
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 18th, 2014 at 5:13am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 660257 N 4225964
Decimal Degrees38.16735000, -79.17060000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 10.041', W 79° 10.236'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 10' 2.46" N, 79° 10' 14.16" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1519 Parkersburg Turnpike, Swoope VA 24479, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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