"The Strongest Line of Works Ever Constructed"

"The Strongest Line of Works Ever Constructed" (HM9ZM)

Location: Petersburg, VA 23803
Country: United States of America
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N 37° 10.785', W 77° 28.49'

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Inscription

The Breakthrough Trail

— Pamplin Historical Park —

The main line of entrenchments behind you was only one part of the entire defensive network established here by the Confederates. Southern soldiers removed all the trees in front of their works to create a clear field of fire. They used the wood to improve their fortifications, build winter quarters, or as fuel for heating and cooking. They also established a variety of obstructions in front of their lines.

Abatis, a French military term, served essentially as the Civil War-version of barbed wire. The Confederates interlaced these solid rows of pointed tree branches and tangled brush at various intervals from their main fortifications to pin down attackers at optimum rifle range. Fraise, another French word, was a line of thick, sharpened limbs and branches buried in the ground at an angle to act as a barrier to assault. Occasionally the Confederates would string telegraph lines as trip wires throughout the open fields.

Pamplin Historical Park has removed the vegetation on selected portions of the battlefield to restore the landscape to its 1865 appearance, thus recreating the visual relationship between Confederate defenders and Union attackers. Today these clearings are discreet breaks in the forest. In 1865, this ground was nearly as barren as a desert.
Details
HM NumberHM9ZM
Tags
Placed ByPamplin Historical Park
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 23rd, 2014 at 5:48pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 280299 N 4117681
Decimal Degrees37.17975000, -77.47483333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 10.785', W 77° 28.49'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 10' 47.10" N, 77° 28' 29.40" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804, 434, 757
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 6619 Duncan Rd, Petersburg VA 23803, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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