Deep Cut at the Licking Summit / Millersport and the Ohio-Erie Canal

Deep Cut at the Licking Summit / Millersport and the Ohio-Erie Canal (HM9E2)

Location: Millersport, OH 43046 Fairfield County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 53.977', W 82° 32.096'

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Inscription
Side A:
Deep Cut at the Licking Summit
Digging of the Ohio-Erie Canal began in 1825, and the first canal boat navigated the Deep Cut at Licking Summit in 1831. The surrounding swamps were drained to create the Licking Reservoir, today known as Buckeye Lake, in order to supply adequate water for the canal going north to Coshocton and south to Circleville. After the canal route was established, the state engineers discovered that there was a ridge of hills located south of the proposed reservoir through which they would have to cut the canal. Since it was impossible to raise the level of the reservoir, the ridge had to be cut down to the level of the reservoir. This "Deep Cut" marks the deepest part of the canal at 32 feet and runs south from Millersport for nearly two miles. Unskilled laborers, primarily Irish immigrants, tirelessly dug the canal using picks, shovels, wheelbarrows, and oxen-cart.

Side B:
Millersport and The Ohio-Erie Canal
In 1825, Mathias Miller settled in the region just north of the prosperous town of Monticello. Millersport grew from Miller's idea to build a wharf at the side of the canal to create a port for canal boats. Located in the region between Licking Reservoir and the northern entrance of the Deep Cut, Millersport flourished as canal trade increased, however, Monticello's location on high ground spelled its doom. Travelling by canal, Millersport is 191 miles from Cleveland and 117 miles from Portsmouth. During its peak years, as many as 3,000 canal boats utilized the canal. With the insurgence of the railroad system and a major flood in 1914 that damaged a portion of the waterway, the canal system was abandoned.
Details
HM NumberHM9E2
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series
Tags
Marker Number3-23
Year Placed2002
Placed ByOhio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, Millersport Lions Club, and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 6th, 2014 at 12:42pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 368784 N 4417743
Decimal Degrees39.89961667, -82.53493333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 53.977', W 82° 32.096'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 53' 58.62" N, 82° 32' 5.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)740
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 12075 Lancaster St, Millersport OH 43046, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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