The Invention of the Cotton Gin

The Invention of the Cotton Gin (HM8RC)

Location: Savannah, GA 31401 Chatham County
Country: United States of America

N 32° 4.851', W 81° 5.396'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 191 views
Inscription
This creative development which was responsible for the survival of the cotton industry in the United States occurred on General Nathaniel Greene's plantation near Savannah, 10 miles northeast of this marker. Separation by hand labor of the lint from the seed of the desired upland variety of cotton produced only one pound per day per person.

Eli Whitney, a native of Massachusetts and Yale Law Graduate, came to Georgia to teach school in late 1792, at age 27. Mrs. Catherine Greene, widow of General Greene, invited Whitney to her plantation, and urged him to design a cotton gin. He secluded himself for 10 days in the spring of 1793, with a basket of cotton bolls. He discovered that a hooked wire could pull the lint through a slot in the basket, leaving the seeds inside. In his patent application Whitney described the process as: consisting of spikes driven into a wooden cylinder and having a slotted bar through which these spikes passed and having a brush to clear the spikes. The result was a hand operated cotton gin which produced over 50 pounds per person per day. It was patented March 14, 1794.

Henry Ogden Holmes, of Georgia, a resourceful, practical mechanic on the Kincaide plantation of Fairfield County, South Carolina, invented an improved gin and was granted a patent on May 12, 1796. His continuous flow gin used rip-saw teeth on a circular steel blade which passed through spaces between ribs. The circular saw gin with improvements, capable of giving 1000s of pounds per day, was still in use in 1985.

Officials of the Cotton Exchange Commission building which faces this marker, shipped from the Port of Savannah thousands of bales to a new worldwide industry, and brought prosperity to the south.
Details
HM NumberHM8RC
Tags
Year Placed1986
Placed ByAmerican Society of Agricultural Engineers
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 21st, 2014 at 9:10pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 491512 N 3549400
Decimal Degrees32.08085000, -81.08993333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 4.851', W 81° 5.396'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 4' 51.06" N, 81° 5' 23.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)478, 912
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 141 River Street Access, Savannah GA 31401, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. This marker needs at least one picture.
  9. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  10. Is the marker in the median?