Ohio-Erie Canal and Locks / The Columbus Feeder Canal

Ohio-Erie Canal and Locks / The Columbus Feeder Canal (HM8BW)

Location: Lockbourne, OH 43137 Franklin County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 48.551', W 82° 58.31'

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Inscription
Ohio-Erie Canal and Locks
The Ohio-Erie Canal was built between 1825 and 1832 and extended 308 miles from Lake Erie at Cleveland to the Ohio River at Portsmouth. The greatest engineering achievement in Ohio up to that time, the canal gave the state's farmers and merchants much greater access to goods and markets and was instrumental in the young state's rapid growth. Lockbourne was a focal point of activity on the canal with its staircase of eight lift locks (numbered 23 through 30), two canal basins, and junction with the Columbus Feeder. Locke Meadow Park encompasses the remnants of Lock 30 and the Big Walnut Creek guard lock, which prevented flood water from entering the main canal. The Lock Tender's house was located adjacent to Lock 30.

The Columbus Feeder Canal
In order to connect the state capital to the Ohio-Erie Canal and provide a dependable supply of water for this section, engineers began to survey an eleven-mile navigable feeder from the Scioto River in Columbus in 1824. Groundbreaking ceremonies took place in Columbus on April 30, 1827, with the Granville Company receiving the contract for all masonry work in the Lockbourne area on both the main canal and the feeder. The first canal boat arrived in Columbus on September 23, 1831. Boats ascending the Columbus Feeder crossed Big Walnut Creek through a slackwater pool above the "state dam," then traversed the lift lock. With a fourteen-foot difference in elevation between Columbus and Lockbourne, the canal required just two lift locks; the other was located four miles below the terminus. The last canal boat left Columbus in 1904.
Details
HM NumberHM8BW
Series This marker is part of the Ohio and Erie Canal series, and the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series.
Tags
Marker Number30-25
Year Placed2000
Placed ByMartin Marietta Aggregates, The Lockbourne Heritage Society, and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 28th, 2014 at 9:34pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 331211 N 4408438
Decimal Degrees39.80918333, -82.97183333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 48.551', W 82° 58.31'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 48' 33.06" N, 82° 58' 18.60" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)614, 740
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 146 Commerce St, Lockbourne OH 43137, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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