Vallandigham's Speech, 1863

Vallandigham's Speech, 1863 (HM87X)

Location: Mt Vernon, OH 43050 Knox County
Country: United States of America

N 40° 23.62', W 82° 29.167'

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Inscription
Side A:
On May 1, 1863, Peace Democratic Party leader Clement L. Vallandigham spoke to 10,000 people from this spot. Vallandigham's party, known by their opponents as "Copperheads," opposed the Civil War as an encroachment on both individuals' and states' rights, and favored a peaceful settlement with the Confederacy. Shortly after the beginning of the war, President Lincoln had suspended the writ of habeas corpus, which requires the state to show cause for arrest, as an emergency wartime measure. Peace Democrats viewed the suspension as unconstitutional. Vallandigham's speech intentionally tested the stringent wartime laws against "implied treason."
(Continued on other side)

Side B:
(Continued from other side)
After two years of bloody battles with few Union victories, the Lincoln administration faced losing influence in several northern states. Lincoln once confided that he feared "the fire in the rear" (a reference to Midwestern dissent) as a greater threat to the Union than military reverses. General Ambrose Burnside ordered Vallandigham arrested; subsequently Lincoln banished him to the South. Vallandigham evaded the federal naval blockade and traveled to Canada, where he campaigned in exile for the governorship of Ohio. Union victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg in July 1863 defused the Peace movement and helped assure Lincoln's reelection. Vallandigham's arrest was the greatest challenge to free speech during the war.
Details
HM NumberHM87X
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series
Tags
Marker Number5-42
Year Placed2000
Placed ByOhio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, Sons of Union Veterans of Knox County, and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 9th, 2014 at 1:17am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 373874 N 4472511
Decimal Degrees40.39366667, -82.48611667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 23.62', W 82° 29.167'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 23' 37.20" N, 82° 29' 10.02" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)740, 419
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 3 W High St, Mt Vernon OH 43050, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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