The Cozad-Bates House / Anti-Slavery and Abolition

The Cozad-Bates House / Anti-Slavery and Abolition (HM7NE)

Location: Cleveland, OH 44106 Cuyahoga County
Country: United States of America

N 41° 30.512', W 81° 36.185'

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The Cozad-Bates House is one of the oldest remaining structures in Cleveland's University Circle. The original section, built circa 1853, is the only pre-Civil War residential structure left in the neighborhood. Built by Samuel and Jane Cozad's son, Andrew Cozad, the first section used locally made brick to form a simple two-story, one-room-deep, vernacular English-I house. The family owned a large portion of the land which is now occupied by University Circle. Justus Cozad, Andrew's son, returning from the west where he worked as a railroad superintendent and civil engineer, built the later section on Mayfield Road for his larger family in 1872. It is a rare surviving example of Italianate-influenced residential architecture, including a hipped roof, curved bay windows, paired eave brackets, and prominent belvedere. The house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974 and designated as a Cleveland Landmark in 2006.

Anti-Slavery and Abolition

Many Cleveland settlers were anti-slavery and abolitionists. After the opening of the Ohio and Erie Canal, Cleveland became a destination for fugitive slaves and the bondsmen who tracked them. Before the Civil War, slaves moved through Ohio's Underground Railroad network that extended two hundred and fifty miles from Ripley to Cleveland. Known by the secret code name "Hope," Cleveland became a destination for freedom seekers making their way north to Canada. Persons seeking freedom were often aided by abolitionists in University Circle, formerly a part of East Cleveland Township. To celebrate Cleveland's story of antislavery, the courageous people who sought freedom, and the station operators who helped them, this home was saved through the advocacy efforts of the Cleveland Restoration Society, Restore Cleveland Hope Inc., and University Circle Inc. Donated by University Hospitals in 2006, the home is reflective of Cleveland's anti-slavery era and legacy of abolition.
HM NumberHM7NE
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series
Marker Number87-18
Year Placed2007
Placed ByUniversity Circle, Inc. and the Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 14th, 2014 at 4:20am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 449671 N 4595387
Decimal Degrees41.50853333, -81.60308333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 30.512', W 81° 36.185'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 30' 30.72" N, 81° 36' 11.10" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)216, 440
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 11500-11598 US-322, Cleveland OH 44106, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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