Discovered in 1848 by Colonel Stevenson's men who mined Soldiers' Gulch in '49. First covered wagon party sluiced rich gravel beds. By '53, men swarmed flats and gulches naming them picturesquely. Hydraulic operations, begun in '55, brought thousands of fortune seekers to form town of 17 hotels, library, theaters and courts of justice. During Civil War, Volcano gold served the Union. "Volcano Blues" smuggled cannon "Old Abe" in, by hearse, to quell rebels. Mellow with memories, this birthplace of General Liversedge, whose Marines raised our flag in Iwo Jima, honors its heroes with annual pageantry in Soldiers Gulch.