First Allied Siege Line

First Allied Siege Line (HM6YR)

Location: Yorktown, VA 23690 York County
Country: United States of America

N 37° 13.382', W 76° 30.367'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites

1781 Siege of Yorktown

— Colonial National Historical Park —

"The next night, which was the sixth of October ? We this night completed laying out the works. The troops of the line were there ready with entrenching tools and began to entrench, after General Washington had struck a few blows with a pickax, a mere ceremony, that it might be said "General Washington with his own hands first broke ground at the siege of Yorktown."
Joseph Plum Martin, Sappers and Miners

This reconstructed line of earthworks replicates a French artillery battery of the Allies' First Siege Line. A gentle rain was falling on the night of October 6, 1781, as 1,500 soldiers quietly began constructing these fortifications, following a row of pine strips laid out by the engineering officers. Another 2,800 soldiers, with muskets, silently stood guard in case of a British assault.

The British troops manning the left or eastern portion of the British Inner Defense Line remained unaware of the Allied soldiers to their front, enabling the allies to work all night without interference. By dawn, American and French troops stood safely behind their first siege line. Over the next two days, they completed the battery positions for the heavy artillery. Major General Henry Knox, Washington's Chief of Artillery, recalled that "The first parallel, some redoubts, and all our batteries were finished by the 9th at 2 o'clock P.M. when we opened our batteries and kept them playing continually."
HM NumberHM6YR
Placed ByColonial National Historical Park, National Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 6th, 2014 at 2:12am PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 366379 N 4120677
Decimal Degrees37.22303333, -76.50611667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 13.382', W 76° 30.367'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 13' 22.92" N, 76° 30' 22.02" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)757
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 348-382 State Rte 704, Yorktown VA 23690, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Nearby Markersshow on map
Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. This marker needs at least one picture.
  10. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  11. Is the marker in the median?