Pioneer Turpentining Experiment

Pioneer Turpentining Experiment (HM6U8)

Location: Statesboro, GA 30458 Bulloch County
Country: United States of America

N 32° 25.689', W 81° 47.018'

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Dr. Charles Holmes Herty of the University of Georgia Chemistry Department conducted experiments in this forest that revolutionized the naval stores industry in America. Inspired by conservative gum resin gathering methods in Europe, Dr. Herty devised a method using metal gutters and a cup for gathering resin from pine trees. This system was designed to replace the centuries old method of "boxing" or cutting a collection box in the living tree. Boxing had proved disastrous to southern forests. The massive cuts caused insect, fire and wind damage and destroyed valuable timber.

On July 20, 1901, Dr. Herty and his able assistant, Frank Klarpp hung a metal cup and gutters on the first tree. Herty and Klarpp kept careful records on the quantity and quality of resin collected from the cupped tress and boxed control trees and proved the cups and gutters successful. The experiment also led to the development of the clay Herty cup because of problems with metal cups used here. Dr. Herty (1867-1938) also devised the first system for manufacturing newsprint from southern pines and gave the South a tremendously successful cash crop.
HM NumberHM6U8
Marker Number016-8
Year Placed1978
Placed ByGeorgia Historic Marker
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 14th, 2014 at 1:25am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 426326 N 3588164
Decimal Degrees32.42815000, -81.78363333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 25.689', W 81° 47.018'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 25' 41.34" N, 81° 47' 1.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)912
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2254 Southern Dr, Statesboro GA 30458, US
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