July 22, 1864. Sweeny's 2nd. div., Dodge's 16th A.C. (US), having been held in reserve N. of the Ga. R.R. (Candler Park), was ordered to support the left wing of Blair's 17th Corps in East Atlanta. Marching via Clay Rd., Sweeny's column halted here at noon to await further orders. Mersy's brigade led the advance, followed by Rice's.
Thus, by mere accident, the two brigades were posted where they intercepted the surprise attach by Walker's and Bate's divs. (Hardee's A.C.) (CS), aimed at the rear of Blair's 17th A.C. entrenched along Flat Shoals Rd., 1 mile W. of this point, thereby precipitating the battle.