Bringing Trade to Baltimore

Bringing Trade to Baltimore (HM5MC)

Location: Catonsville, MD 21228 Baltimore County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 14.923', W 76° 45.89'

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"Make easy the way for them and then see what an influx of articles will be poured upon us." - George Washington, 1786

You are standing on the original roadbed of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, North America's first common-carrier railroad. Baltimore's leading merchants and businessmen founded the B&O in 1827 to connect the city to western markets. Within a few decades, raucous steam-powered trains carried daily deliveries of coal, wheat and lumber from rural areas to the port of Baltimore, securing the city's prominence in world trade.

The B&O Spawns Industries in the Patapsco Valley

Waterpower and the railroad mad the Patapsco Valley an ideal place for industry. Shortly after the railroad's completion, established factories expanded and new factories were built. The railroad provided a ready supply of materials and a convenient means of shipping products in Baltimore.

The B&O linked the Patapsco Valley's mill communities together and connected them with the outside world. Until 1949, daily passenger trains trundled up and down the valley carrying mail, passengers, and newspapers. Railroad stations also provided residents with telegraph services.

Along the Patapsco Heritage Trail you will follow or parallel the path of the arly railroad. Look for stone bridges, walls and culverts that date back to the railroad's early development. At this location, you can see the remains of stone abutments for the patterson Viaduct, a bridge that once carried tracks across the river. It now supports a footbridge for park users.

Text with main photo: The westbound ore train emerging from the Ilchester, Maryland tunnel and crossing the Patapsco River on May 13, 1951.

Text with lower left photo: Ellicott City Train Station.

Text with lower middle top photo: Locust Point.

Text with lower middle middle photo: Grove Mill.

Text with lower middle bottom photo: Glen Artney stop.

Text with lower right top photo: Completed in 1829, the B&O crossed the Patapsco River atop the graceful Patterson Viaduct.

Text with lower right bottom photo: Destroyed by a flood in 1866, the viaduct was replaced by an iron truss Bolman Bridge. By 1903 the railroad was re-aligned to bypass the river's severe curvature. A new bridge was built upstream.
HM NumberHM5MC
Placed ByMaryland Department of Natural Resources, Chesapeake Bay Gateways Network
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 21st, 2014 at 4:16am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 347711 N 4345861
Decimal Degrees39.24871667, -76.76483333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 14.923', W 76° 45.89'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 14' 55.38" N, 76° 45' 53.40" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)410, 443, 202, 301
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 6314-6344 Grist Mill Trail at Patapsco Valley State Park, Catonsville MD 21228, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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