Setting the Trap / Jackson Arrives

Setting the Trap / Jackson Arrives (HM4Y8)

Location: Harpers Ferry, WV 25425 Jefferson County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 18.461', W 77° 46.652'

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(Upper Panel): Setting the Trap
Confederate Major General "Stonewall" Jackson faced three enemies - the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry, its formidable position on Bolivar Heights, and time. On the second day of the battle, although pummeled by a Confederate bombardment, the Federals still stood firm. Jackson knew he had to force the issue. He devised a three-point plan. First, to "turn" the Union flank, he ordered Major General A.P. Hill to march 3,500 men and 20 cannon, under the cover of night, to a position behind the Federal lines. Meanwhile, one mile to the north, Jackson staged a fake attack against Bolivar Heights to distract the Federals from Hill's maneuver. Finally, Jackson ordered that 10 cannon be moved from Schoolhouse Ridge across the Shenandoah River to a plateau on Loudoun Heights. By Monday morning, September 15, all was accomplished. The trap was set.

(Lower Panel): Jackson Arrives
Confederate Major General "Stonewall" Jackson arrived here on Schoolhouse Ridge with 14,000 men to commence the Battle of Harpers Ferry. Jackson faced mountain obstacles and a determined Union army defending Bolivar Heights. But in a three-day battle, he forced the largest surrender of U.S. Troops during the Civil War.

(Sidebar): Major General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson was the most successful Confederate general by the late summer of 1862. At the war's outbreak in April 1861, he began his Confederate career as a colonel in command at Harpers Ferry. Returning 17 months later, Jackson used his knowledge of the area's rugged terrain to outmaneuver the Union troops.
HM NumberHM4Y8
Placed ByHarpers Ferry National Historical Park - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 8th, 2014 at 7:29pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 260514 N 4354600
Decimal Degrees39.30768333, -77.77753333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 18.461', W 77° 46.652'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 18' 27.66" N, 77° 46' 39.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 10194 Co Rte 27, Harpers Ferry WV 25425, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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