Canal and Harbor

Canal and Harbor (HM2LMT)

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N 42° 52.674', W 78° 52.664'

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Transforming Buffalo

Canal and Harbor Transforming Buffalo The Erie Canal formally opened on Oct. 26, 1825, connecting the heartlands of the continent to the rest of the world. As the engineering marvel of its time, the canal helped transform Buffalo into the country's eighth largest city by 1901. The story reaches back as far as 1814, when post-War of 1812 village entrepreneurs, like George Coit, Charles Townsend and Oliver Forward, had the foresight to build a harbor. Construction began in the early 1820s, as the waterfront became a booming Canal District. Four men are generally credited with building the harbor at Buffalo, over the competitive efforts of nearby Black Rock. After a hired engineer failed, Judge Wilkeson supervised creation of the harbor in just 221 work days. Buffalo villagers pledged work and goods, but the majority of the funding came from merchants Coit, Townsend, and Forward. The Erie Canal itself, just four feet deep, was connected to the lakes via slips. Commercial Slip was the first and most important, followed by the nearby Prime Slip, financed by New York Businessman Nathaniel Prime. In 1862, Buffalo set its ship arrival and departures record hosting 16,390 vessels - an average of 68 each day during the shipping season. The canal transported 2 million tons of forest products



in 1870 alone, and reached an all-time freight high of 6,670,000 tons in 1872. The port was the country's third-largest coal depot by 1885. Grain was by far the most important port cargo, followed by ore, lumber and coal.
Details
HM NumberHM2LMT
Series This marker is part of the Erie Canal series
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 8th, 2019 at 2:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 673327 N 4749440
Decimal Degrees42.87790000, -78.87773333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 52.674', W 78° 52.664'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 52' 40.44" N, 78° 52' 39.84" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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