Lucrative Trade to Leisure Vacations/Du commerce lucratif au voyage d'agrément

Lucrative Trade to Leisure Vacations/Du commerce lucratif au voyage d'agrément (HM2L7U)

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N 44° 48.435', W 73° 8.393'

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Inscription

When the Champlain Canal was
completed in 1823 and shipping to
the south opened up a huge market
to the West, St. Albans merchants
benefited from the boom. Canal
boats sailed south up the Lake to
Whitehall, and once the sails were
lowered, they followed the canal
to the Hudson River. A decade of
wharf wars followed as
enterprising
merchants from St. Albans Bay and
St. Albans Village built a succession
of docks in an effort to dominate
the lucrative lake trade. Arrival of
the Vermont Central Railroad in
the mid-1800s eventually put an
end to this spirited strife.
The railroad dampened commercial
shipping but it stimulated summer
vacation travel. Samson's Lake View
House, long gone, opened in 1870
offering fishing, swimming, boating
and eventually tennis and a dancing
pavilion. In 1897, the Champlain
Transportation Company bought the
steamboat Maquam to run between
Burlington and St. Albans Bay.
Maquam was retired in 1906 but
excursions continued into the 1920s
on other steamboats. Streetcars,
brought village people to the
lakeshore for picnics, regattas and
productions on the floating theater
in the Bay.


Lorsque le canal Champlain fut achevé en 1823 et que le transport fluvial vers le sud donna accès à l'immense marche de l'Ouest, les commerçants de St. Albans



bénéficièrent de l'essor économique. Les barges naviguaient sud jusqu'à Whitehall, puis les voiles abaissées, elles suivaient le canal jusqu'à la rivière Hudson. Une décennie de batailles pour conquérir les quais s'ensuivit, alors que le marchands de la baie de St. Albans et ceux du village de St. Albans construisirent une série de quais dans le but de dominer le commerce lucratif sur le lac. L'arrivée du chemin de fer Vermont Central au milieu du XIXe siècle mit fin à ce conflit animé.

La voie ferrée eut un effet modérateur sur le commerce fluvial, mais elle favorisa les voyages d'agrément durant l'été. Ouvert en 1870, l'hôtel Samson's Lake View House, maintenant disparu, offrait à sa clientèle la pêche, la baignade et la navigation de plaisance, auxquelles s'ajoutèrent plus tard le tennis et un pavillon de danse. En 1897, la Champlain Transportation Company acheta le bateau à vapeur Maquam pour faire la navette entre Burlington et la baie de St. Albans.
Le Maquam fut désaffecté en 1906, mais les excursions se poursuivirent jusque dans les années 1920, à bord d'autres bateaux à vapeurs. Des tramways amenaient les villageois au bord du lac pour des pique-niques, des régates et des spectacles présentés dans le théâtre flottant sur la baie.
Details
HM NumberHM2L7U
Tags
Placed ByLake Champlain Basin Program
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 26th, 2019 at 2:03am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 647096 N 4963221
Decimal Degrees44.80725000, -73.13988333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 48.435', W 73° 8.393'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 48' 26.1" N, 73° 8' 23.58" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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