The French Build a Fort and a Colony

The French Build a Fort and a Colony (HM2JIM)

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N 31° 33.392', W 91° 24.609'

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Les français bâtissent un fort et une colonie

— Fort Rosalie —

The French needed a strong defensive fortification in the lower Mississippi River valley to
prevent European intrusions from the south, and the bluffs overlooking the Mississippi
River at the settlement of the Natchez proved ideal. Following the peace terms that ended
the 1716 conflict between the French and the Natchez tribe, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur
de Bienville, required the Natchez to provide materials and labor for the construction of Fort Rosalie, named for the Countess of Pontchartrain.
The fort served as the local seat of colonial government and was quickly surrounded by
French settlements and plantations. In an effort to establish a stable economy, the French
encouraged colonists to grow crops such as tobacco and indigo. Growing tensions between
the French and the Natchez erupted in violence throughout the 1720s. When the French
demanded additional lands that included the White Apple village, an important settlement
for the native people, the Natchez determined to take a stand.French:

Les Français avaient besoin d'une forte fortification défensive dans la partie inférieure de
la vallée du Mississippi pour empêcher les intrusions européennes du sud; et les falaises
surplombant le Mississippi où se trouvait Natchez se révélèrent idéales. Après les accords
de paix qui ont mis fin au conflit



de 1716 entre les Français et la tribu Natchez, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, a demandé aux Natchez de fournir du matériél et de la
main-d'oeuvre pour la construction du Fort Rosalie, nommé pour la comtesse de Pontchartrain
Le fort servait de siège au gouvernement colonial et était rapidement entouré de colonies
et de plantations françaises. Dans un effort d'établir une économie stable, les Français ont
encouragé les colons à cultiver des récoltes, telles que le tabac et l'indigo. Une recrudescence des tensions entre les Français et les Natchez ont éclaté en violence tout au long l''année de 1720. Lorsque les Français ont exigé des terres supplémentaires qui comprenaient le
White Apple Village (ou le Village de la Pomme blanche), un centre sacré et cérémoniel
pour le peuple Natchez, les Indiens ont décidé de prendre des mesures.
Details
HM NumberHM2JIM
Tags
Placed ByNational Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, August 10th, 2019 at 8:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 650896 N 3492378
Decimal Degrees31.55653333, -91.41015000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 31° 33.392', W 91° 24.609'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds31° 33' 23.52" N, 91° 24' 36.54" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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