Rebuilding the Abbey Church

Rebuilding the Abbey Church (HM2DYA)

Location: , England RH20 4HN West Sussex
Country: United Kingdom
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N 50° 54.878', W 0° 29.298'

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Rebuilding the Abbey Church

The most important part of an abbey church was its eastern end — here were the altars and the choir where the monks worshipped.
The most ambitious part of the 13th-century modernisation of the abbey was the reconstruction and enlargement of the east end of the abbey church. The plan was inspired by the new abbey church at Westminster, largely rebuilt by Henry III between 1245 and 1272. Abbots of Battle attending the king's court next to Westminster Abbey would have seen and admired it. By adopting the plan and extending the new seven-bay choir to the east, the Battle monks gave themselves a spacious setting of some magnificence with a grand chevet of five radiating chapels beyond the high altar.
The sloping ground here enabled the builders to include a crypt with a further five chapels under the east end. This more than doubled the number of available altars, important to a community with an increasing number of ordained monks, each needing to celebrate mass daily.
The crypt was partly excavated and conserved in 1817 by Sir Godfrey Webster. More systematic archaeological exploration took place in the 1930s, following a fire in the west range, and in the late 1970s when the abbey was acquired for the nation.
( photo captions )
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A cutaway reconstruction of the east end of the abbey showing the crypt with the choir and high altar above.
- Plan of the abbey church before and after its extension.
Details
HM NumberHM2DYA
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, January 30th, 2019 at 1:02pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)30U E 676556 N 5643336
Decimal Degrees50.91463333, -0.48830000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 50° 54.878', W 0° 29.298'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds50° 54' 52.68" N, 0° 29' 17.88" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near B2139, England RH20 4HN, GB
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