Carlyle House Historic Park

Carlyle House Historic Park (HM2DXW)

Location: Alexandria, VA 22314
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 48.31', W 77° 2.535'

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Inscription
This unique building, constructed of stone and set back from the street, was built by John Carlyle, a British merchant and one of the original founders of Alexandria. Witness to both domestic life and war, today the house stands as a museum dedicated to telling the story of Carlyle's journey from British citizen to American patriot.

Who Was John Carlyle?
John Carlyle first came to America as a merchant's "factor" or agent. While in Virginia, he met and married Sarah Fairfax, a member of the wealthy Fairfax family. As a second son, John Carlyle would have had difficulty becoming prosperous in England, but in the New World, he was quickly able to become a prominent landowner, merchant and town leader. Between 1751 and 1753, John Carlyle built this home using Aquia sandstone. Although this outer layer of stone was replaced, you can see the original material on the cornice, just below the roofline.

What Happened Here?
Only two years after moving in, the Carlyles received an historic visit. General Edward Braddock, sent by the King in England, made the home his headquarters in 1755. On April 13th, five Royal Colonial Governors arrived at the house for what John Carlyle called "the Grandest Congress...ever known on this Continent." Here, Braddock and the Governors discussed their strategy for the French and Indian War, including how they would fund it. It was agreed that Parliament would need to "compel" the colonists to pay by levying taxes, a decision that would one day contribute to the American Revolution.
Details
HM NumberHM2DXW
Tags
Placed ByNorthern Virginia Regional Park Authority
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, January 29th, 2019 at 7:02pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 322665 N 4297137
Decimal Degrees38.80516667, -77.04225000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 48.31', W 77° 2.535'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 48' 18.6" N, 77° 2' 32.1" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)202, 703, 571
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 117 N Fairfax St, Alexandria VA 22314, US
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