Confederate Service of Alabama and Coushatta Indians

Confederate Service of Alabama and Coushatta Indians (HM2DIQ)

Location: Livingston, TX 77351 Polk County
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Country: United States of America
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N 30° 42.907', W 94° 40.422'

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Alabama and Coushatta Indians of Polk County were trained as cavalrymen in 1861 by Indian Agent Robert R. Neyland as the war between the states advanced. In April 1862, nineteen Alabama and Coushatta, including Chief John Scott, enlisted in the Confederate Army as members of Company G, 24th Texas Cavalry. They trained in Hempstead, Texas, and in Arkansas, where their commander, General Thomas C. Hindman, converted them to infantrymen. After voicing displeasure with the change from cavalry to infantry duties, they were permitted to return to their Polk County homes to await further orders.

Following brief service in the Confederate Navy under Galveston Bay Commander W. W. Hunter, they were reorganized as a cavalry company in the 6th Brigade, 2nd Texas Infantry Division. In 1864 the company roster listed 132 men. Their primary job was to build and operate flat-bottomed boats (scows) to transport farm produce and other supplies needed by the Confederacy down the Trinity River to the port at Liberty, Texas.

Official correspondence of wartime Texas Governors Francis R. Lubbock and Pendleton Murrah refer to the Alabama and Coushatta Indians' loyalty in their role as Confederate infantry, cavalry, and navy servicemen.
Year Placed1994
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 10388.)
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, January 14th, 2019 at 1:01pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 339734 N 3399226
Decimal Degrees30.71511667, -94.67370000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 42.907', W 94° 40.422'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 42' 54.42" N, 94° 40' 25.32" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)936, 832
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1111 Colabe Rd, Livingston TX 77351, US
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