An Open Landscape

An Open Landscape (HM2A9E)

Location: Sturbridge, MA 01566 Worcester County
Country: United States of America

N 42° 6.286', W 72° 5.835'

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By the early 1800s, family farms covered southern New England, and most of the land had been cleared of trees. For generations farmers had been cutting down trees, draining swamps, hauling rocks out of their fields, and building fences to control their livestock.FencesNew England farmers built several kinds of fences. Right here you can see "zigzag" fences (also known as "worm fences" or "Virginia rail fences") that were easy to build but used lots of wood. At the Freeman Farm you will see post and rail fences and a much tighter board fence around the garden to keep out pests. Behind the Freeman farm buildings and at the Salem Towne House and Farm, you can see stone walls, the most permanent kind of farm fence.ChangesClearing the forest was back-breaking work, done with axes, farm carts, and teams of oxen. In some towns, over 80% of the land was open by 1830. Since 1860 or so the number of farms has been declining in New England. Most of those farm fields are now forest again.
HM NumberHM2A9E
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, August 11th, 2018 at 7:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 740014 N 4665486
Decimal Degrees42.10476667, -72.09725000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 6.286', W 72° 5.835'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 6' 17.16" N, 72° 5' 50.1" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)508, 774
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1 Old Sturbridge Village Rd, Sturbridge MA 01566, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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