Discovery Well of the Permian Basin

Discovery Well of the Permian Basin (HM29J1)

Location: Westbrook, TX 79565 Mitchell County
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Country: United States of America
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N 32° 20.581', W 101° 3.774'

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Inscription
The first commercial discovery oil well in the Permian Basin was named for W.H. Abrams, leasing agent for the Texas and Pacific land trust. The well first produced oil in February 1920 at a depth of 450 feet; but in June 1920, a better showing of oil was found at 2345-2410 feet. On July 16, 1920, the well was "shot" with nitroglycerin. As a crowd of 2,000 people looked on, a great eruption of oil, gas, water, and smoke shot from the mouth of the well almost to the top of the derrick. Shortly after, the well flowed at a rate of 129 barrels daily, but soon settled down to 20 barrels per day. From this well and a well nearby the Rio Grande Oil Company laid the first commercial oil pipeline in the Permian Basin. The first load of oil went through the pipeline on April 3, 1922. W.H. Abrams No. 1 was re-designated on May 1, 1968 as Westbrook southeast unit No. 701, formed to increase oil recovery from the Westbrook oil field by water flooding. This enhanced oil recovery technique has produced 67 million barrels of the more than 100 million barrels of oil recovered from this field. Designated as major fields, only a small number produce 100 million barrels of oil or more. Fifty-six major fields are located in the Permian Basin, the fourth largest oil producing area in the U.S.
Details
HM NumberHM29J1
Tags
Year Placed1996
Placed By1996. (Marker Number 1230.)
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, July 19th, 2018 at 7:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14S E 305858 N 3580327
Decimal Degrees32.34301667, -101.06290000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 20.581', W 101° 3.774'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 20' 34.86" N, 101° 3' 46.44" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)325, 432
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near I-20 Frontage Rd, Westbrook TX 79565, US
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